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Friday, September 30, 2016

Follow the Trail: Patrick Campbell to a Sarah Campbell - Potential Identification of the Campbell Family in Philadelphia

Patrick Campbell was married to Catharine McAnally before passing away at a young age in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. A combination of city directory data, census analysis and death certificates provided the best evidence for a Patrick Campbell, born about 1836 and died 1866.1 Patrick's death certificate identified his parents as James and Sarah Campbell.2 Patrick was buried in Old Cathedral Cemetery in a plot owned by James Dwyer, though no information to date can suggest the relation between Patrick Campbell, Catharine (McAnally) Campbell and the Dwyers.

The analysis of this evidence was posted to the family tree and resulted in an email from someone researching the Campbell line. Several email exchanges led to a potential clue to Patrick's mother, Sarah Campbell.  An 1860 US Federal Census entry for a Sarah Campbell, in the 7th Ward of Philadelphia was shared showing the family of Sarah Campbell.3

Transcription 1860 United States Federal Census Ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: M653_1157; Page: 728; Image: 734

Name Age Occu Birth
Sarah 61

Ireland
Charles 31 Driver do
Patrick 23 Driver do
Cecelia 32 Fac. Hand do
Sarah 24

do
Bridget 21

do
Catharine 23

do
Sarah 1

Penn.

The intriguing entry was for Catharine Campbell, listed with the same age as Patrick and a third Sarah Campbell listed with the age of one. As previously mentioned, Patrick Campbell married Catharine McAnally and they had two daughters, Sarah and Mary.  From that research, an entry in the 1870 census led to the discovery of a Catharine (McAnally) Campbell with two girls, presumed to be her daughters, Sarah and Mary. Sarah is 9 years old aligning closely with the recently evaluated 1860 census entry. Mary is listed as 7 years old in 1870. They lived in the 7th ward of Philadelphia on Pine Street, North side4.

Transcription 1870 United States Federal Census for Catharine Campbell: Ward 7, District 21, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: M593_1420; Page: 615A; Image: 537

Name Age
Catharine Campbell 23
Sarah 9
Mary 7

Further sharing of emails, led to information that suggested a Sarah Campbell, the possible mother to Patrick, lived on Hand Street per the Philadelphia city directories. Analysis of the streets maps for that timeframe show that Hand Street is close to Naudain Street where Patrick and his wife Catharine lived prior to his death as shown in past research of city directory data. In addition, Naudain street is close to Pine Street, showing the proximity to the 1870 census entry for Catharine.

Map of the 7th ward showing the area where the Campbell family has been living relative to the streets of Hand, Pine, and Naudain.
Image is from Map of Philadelpia, 1876.  G. M. Hopkins, C.E. 1876
Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, GMH1876.​Phila.​005.​Stitched
http://files.lib.byu.edu/mormonmigration/ships/fullsize/BerlinSSM.jpg
Further research for Sarah Campbell led to a ship's manifest, the Ship Berlin. The Berlin departed from Liverpool arriving in New York 6 June 1849. Listed in the manifest was a Campbell family.5

Transcription Ship Berlin Manifest
Name Age
James Campbell 26
Sarah 50
Siddy 20
Charles 16
Sarah 14
Pat 11
Biddy 9

Biddy has been said to be a diminutive for Bridget. There is no clear information to suggest that Siddy is short for Cecelia, but perhaps the name is a family nickname.  This family from the Berlin's manifest aligns closely with the Campbell family in the 1860 Census except for James. The ages for almost all family members are closely aligned with the exception of Charles.

Age Comparison of Campbell Family from Ship Berlin (1849) to U.S. 1860 Census
Ship Manifest Name Ship Age (1849) 1860 Census Name 1860 Census Age
James Campbell 26 N/A N/A
Sarah 50 Sarah 61
Siddy 20 Cecelia 32
Charles 16 Charles 31
Sarah 14 Sarah 24
Pat 11 Patrick 23
Biddy 9 Bridget 21




Additional information from shared emails led to a clue that Sarah Campbell may have indeed had a son, James, further linking the manifest data and the 1860 census family data. The evidence is circumstantial and if the Catharine (age 23) and Sarah (1) from the 1860 Census are in fact wife and daughter to Patrick, it could explain their absence  on the manifest since the daughter was born in Pennsylvania.  

An 1880 Census entry for a Sarah Campbell, aged 81, was located with her daughter, Sarah on Lombard Street, north side in Philadelphia.6 They are still in the 7th Ward of Philadelphia.  They appear to be residing in the home of Samuel Moore.

Transcription 1880 United States Federal Census Ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1170; Page: 249B; Image: 0679; Enumeration District: 132

Name Age Occupation Relationship
Moore, Samuel 38 Laborer

Mary 38 Keeping house Wife
Samuel 8 At school Son
Thos. G. 5

Son
Campbell, Sarah 81 Keeping house

Sarah 50 Works in cotton mill Daughter

A death certificate for a Sarah Campbell, living on 2125 Lombard street dated December 13, 1885, was found. Burial was in Old Cathedral on December 15, 1885.7 Sarah was reported to have been born in Ireland. A corresponding death notice from the Philadelphia Public Ledger reads:

"Campbell -- On the 11th[sic]. Mrs. Sarah, wife of the late James Campbell, aged 86 years. The relatives and friends of the family are respectfully invited to attend the funeral on Tuesday morning, at 8 1/2 o'clock, from the rest of her son, James Campbell, 2059 Lombard Street. High Mass at St. Patrick's Church. To proceed to Cathedral Cemetery."8

If the identified Sarah is correct, this provides evidence that she did have a son James, further supporting the link between the ship Berlin manifest and the 1860 U.S. Census.  

Analysis of city directory information over the short term, further links James to Sarah. City directory data finds James Campbell on Lombard as follows9:

Name Year Occupation Address
James Campbell 1879 laborer 2053 Lombard
1881 laborer 2059 Lombard
1882 laborer 2059 Lombard
1883 laborer 2059 Lombard
1884 laborer 2059 Lombard
1885 sawyer 2059 Lombard

A review of city directory data for the same years as James, shows that the Sarah identified in Ward 7 of Philadelphia, is likely the mother of James.10 Sarah is found twice in the same address of James, for both 1879 and 1885, the year of her death. The evidence further links the James Campbell living in the 7th ward of Philadelphia to Sarah Campbell, as both resided close to one another in Ward 7 of Philadelphia and twice shared the same residence according to the city directory entries.

City directory data finds Sarah Campbell widow of James or in the 7th ward area:
Name Year Widow of Address
Sarah Campbell 1879 James 2053 Lombard
1880 1815 Bainbridge
1881 1915 Bainbridge
1882 1815 Bainbridge
1883 2047 Lombard
1885 2059 Lombard

No likely Sarah was identified in the 1884 city directory. No Census record for a James on Lombard has been found in the 1880 Census.

The proximity of the addresses as shown by the map of 7th ward, specific to James on Lombard, Sarah and Patrick/Catharine and corresponding city directory and census data suggests the identified families are related. Further research into burial plots and locating collateral lines may provide more definitive evidence to the relationships of Sarah Campbell, James Campbell, and Patrick Campbell as well as Patrick's wife Catharine (McAnally) Campbell and their children, Sarah and Mary.  

Image is from Map of Philadelpia, 1876.  G. M. Hopkins, C.E. 1876
Map Collection, Free Library of Philadelphia, GMH1876.​Phila.​005.​Stitched
Is it reasonable to conclude that this family is connected?  The potential tree:




1Barrett, William C. Identification of Catharine McAnally's Husband Patrick Campbell, with an
Analysis of Additional Campbell Relationships. Added to family tree online at
Ancestry.com: http://mv.ancestry.com/viewer/4f45f244-792c-4eda-ad1a-7431410c6dd8/51734940/13246503815?_phsrc=avR3&usePUBJs=true
2Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Death Certificates, 1803-1915," , FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JXV4-Y58 : 9 December 2014), Patrick Campbell, 24 May 1866; citing , Philadelphia City Archives and Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; FHL microfilm 1,987,618
3Year: 1860; Census Place: Philadelphia Ward 7, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: M653_1157; Page: 728; Image: 734; Family History Library Film: 805157
4Year: 1870; Census Place: Philadelphia Ward 7 Dist 21 (2nd Enum), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: M593_1420; Page: 615A; Image: 537; Family History Library Film: 552919
5Year: 1849; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: M237, 1820-1897; Microfilm Roll: Roll 080; Line: 8; List Number: 669
6Year: 1880; Census Place: Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1170; Family History Film: 1255170; Page: 249B; Enumeration District: 132; Image: 0679
7"Pennsylvania, Philadelphia City Death Certificates, 1803-1915," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:JXFG-2QH : 9 December 2014), Sarah Campbell, 13 Dec 1885; citing , Philadelphia City Archives and Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; FHL microfilm 2,070,704.
8The Times (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) 14 Dec 1885, Mon • Page 3
9Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1879, 1881, 1882, 1883 1884 and 1885.
Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.

10Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, City Directory, 1879, 1881, 1882, 1883 1884 and 1885.
Ancestry.com. U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011.






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